Молина: Србија је захваљујући култури већ у Европи

Molina: Srbija je zahvaljujući kulturi već u Evropi

15 jula 2015

Sesar-Antonio-Molina-04-130_620x0SVET će proći ali poezija i književnost neće nikada. Pogledajmo samo gomilu nevolja koje smo od antičkog doba do danas preturili preko leđa. Uprkos svemu tome, stvaralaštvo ljudskog bića i dalje postoji, a bez kreativnosti, čovek nije čovek – kaže, za „Novosti“, ugledni španski pisac Sesar Antonio Molina.

U društvu supruge Mercedes Monmani, književnog kritičara koji se predano bavi istočnoevropskom i srpskom književnošću, Molina je u Beograd stigao kao gost „Arhipelaga“. Na našem jeziku objavljeni su mu roman „Fuga o ljubavi“ i knjiga putopisa, eseja, memoara „Gradovi u kojima umine bol“, gde je jednu priču posvetio Beogradu i Ivi Andriću. Poseban dodatak ovoj knjizi čini pesma „Dok nas košava šiba“, inspirisana posetom Beogradu i njegovoj istoriji.

O savremenim okolnostima u kojima je književnost, a posebno poezija, slabo vidljiva u javnom prostoru, Molina, za naš list, kaže:

– Književnost i poezija pre svega, predstavljaju neosvojivu teritoriju. To je jedina oblast u kojoj vladaju glava i duh, i ona je ujedno poslednje utočište za slobodu pojedinca. Šta god da se sada događa ili što će se događati u budućnosti, taj prostor će biti početak odakle ćemo uvek moći iznova da se rađamo. Makar bilo reči o gotovo potpuno ugašenom žaru i pepelu uvek ćemo moći odatle da krenemo.

Molina je profesor univerziteta, bio je urednik u dnevnim novinama, direktor Instituta „Servantes“, ali i političar: ministar kulture Španije i poslanik u španskom parlamentu.

– U politici sam naučio da treba više da se bavim svojim drugovima nego svojim protivnicima. Književnost je u svakom slučaju bolja – kaže pisac i dodaje. – Nadam se da će Srbija u što kraćem roku činiti deo evropske zajednice, premda ona već jeste Evropa. Mislim da je taj projekat Evrope težak, složen i komplikovan, ali da bez njega nema budućnosti.Kao borac za slobodu mišljenja, ugledni Španac ističe da danas više nema brutalnih metoda kontrole, koje su bile u vreme nacizma ili sovjetske revolucije, ali da su one sada tehnološki rafiniranije, mekše i finije.

– Kontrola, međutim, nije manje ozbiljna i opasna. Ne sviđa mi se što nas umesto građanima nazivaju potrošačima. Građanin znači slobodan čovek, a potrošač sledi samo ono što mu preporučuju oglasi, reklame, veliki trgovinski lanci… Sloboda je zaštićena u ustavu svih demokratskih zapadnih zemalja, ali nju treba zaštititi i u životu a ne samo na papiru. Pomoću mobilnih telefona znaju gde se nalazite, šta pričate, šta čitate, kupujete, za koga glasate… Pitanje je gde je tu sloboda i da li smo slobodni uopšte – kaže Molina.

Što se sveta u kome živimo tiče, španski pisac zaključuje:

– Svedoci smo da se ratovi vode ekonomskim sredstvima. Ta borba je manje pogubna u odnosu na one koje su nekada prouzrokovale masovne žrtve, ali ni ova nije bezazlena. Sav tehnološki razvoj trebalo bi da bude za dobrobit čoveka a ne velikih multinacionalnih kompanija.

ANDRIĆ, KIŠ, TIŠMA…

– Mnogo volim Srbiju, i narod i zemlju. Volim i srpsku književnost i veoma joj se divim. Ona samo po broju stanovnika koji govore srpski jezik spada u male književnosti, ali po kvalitetu je velika i veoma značajna. Srbija je dala jednog nobelovca, Andrića koji spada u grupu od četiri-pet najvažnijih dobitnika ove nagrade u 20. veku. Druga važna tačka je Danilo Kiš, veliki obnovitelj proze ne samo u srpskoj nego i u srednjoevropskoj književnosti, za koju je bio ono što je Džojs za irsku ili evropsku. Da je imao sreće da živi kao Kundera, dao bi nam još mnoga izvanredna dela – kaže Mercedes Monmani (na slici), autor knjige eseja o vodećim evropskim piscima među kojima su i Aleksandar Tišma i Goran Petrović.

KOMENTARI



10 komentara

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